# Python Operators

## Python Operators

Python Operators in general are used to perform operations on values and variables. These are standard symbols used for the purpose of logical and arithmetic operations. In this article, we will look into different types of Python operators.

## Arithmetic Operators

Arithmetic operators are used to performing mathematical operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

### Example: Arithmetic operators in Python

 # Examples of Arithmetic Operator a = 9 b = 4 # Addition of numbers add = a + b # Subtraction of numbers sub = a - b # Multiplication of number mul = a * b # Division(float) of number div1 = a / b # Division(floor) of number div2 = a // b # Modulo of both number mod = a % b # Power p = a ** b # print results print(add) print(sub) print(mul) print(div1) print(div2) print(mod) print(p)

Output

13
5
36
2.25
2
1
6561

## Comparison Operators

Comparison of Relational operators compares the values. It either returns True or False according to the condition.

### Example: Comparison Operators in Python

 # Examples of Relational Operators a = 13 b = 33 # a > b is False print(a > b) # a < b is True print(a < b) # a == b is False print(a == b) # a != b is True print(a != b) # a >= b is False print(a >= b) # a <= b is True print(a <= b)

Output

False
True
False
True
False
True

## Logical Operators

Logical operators perform Logical ANDLogical OR, and Logical NOT operations. It is used to combine conditional statements.

### Example: Logical Operators in Python

 # Examples of Logical Operator a = True b = False # Print a and b is False print(a and b) # Print a or b is True print(a or b) # Print not a is False print(not a)

Output

False
True
False

## Bitwise Operators

Bitwise operators act on bits and perform the bit-by-bit operations. These are used to operate on binary numbers.

### Example: Bitwise Operators in Python

 # Examples of Bitwise operators a = 10 b = 4 # Print bitwise AND operation print(a & b) # Print bitwise OR operation print(a | b) # Print bitwise NOT operation print(~a) # print bitwise XOR operation print(a ^ b) # print bitwise right shift operation print(a >> 2) # print bitwise left shift operation print(a << 2)

Output

0
14
-11
14
2
40

## Assignment Operators

Assignment operators are used to assigning values to the variables.

### Example: Assignment Operators in Python

 # Examples of Assignment Operators a = 10 # Assign value b = a print(b) # Add and assign value b += a print(b) # Subtract and assign value b -= a print(b) # multiply and assign b *= a print(b) # bitwise lishift operator b <<= a print(b)

Output

10
20
10
100
102400

## Identity Operators

is and is not are the identity operators both are used to check if two values are located on the same part of the memory. Two variables that are equal do not imply that they are identical.

is          True if the operands are identical
is not      True if the operands are not identical

### Example: Identity Operator

 a = 10 b = 20 c = a print(a is not b) print(a is c)

Output

True
True

## Membership Operators

in and not in are the membership operators; used to test whether a value or variable is in a sequence.

in            True if value is found in the sequence

### Example: Membership Operator

 # Python program to illustrate # not 'in' operator x = 24 y = 20 list = [10, 20, 30, 40, 50] if (x not in list):     print("x is NOT present in given list") else:     print("x is present in given list") if (y in list):     print("y is present in given list") else:     print("y is NOT present in given list")

Output

x is NOT present in given list
y is present in given list

## Precedence and Associativity of Operators

Precedence and Associativity of Operators: Operator precedence and associativity determine the priorities of the operator.

### Operator Precedence

This is used in an expression with more than one operator with different precedence to determine which operation to perform first.

### Example: Operator Precedence

 # Examples of Operator Precedence # Precedence of '+' & '*' expr = 10 + 20 * 30 print(expr) # Precedence of 'or' & 'and' name = "Alex" age = 0 if name == "Alex" or name == "John" and age >= 2:     print("Hello! Welcome.") else:     print("Good Bye!!")

Output

610
Hello! Welcome.

### Operator Associativity

If an expression contains two or more operators with the same precedence then Operator Associativity is used to determine. It can either be Left to Right or from Right to Left.

### Example: Operator Associativity

 # Examples of Operator Associativity # Left-right associativity # 100 / 10 * 10 is calculated as # (100 / 10) * 10 and not # as 100 / (10 * 10) print(100 / 10 * 10) # Left-right associativity # 5 - 2 + 3 is calculated as # (5 - 2) + 3 and not # as 5 - (2 + 3) print(5 - 2 + 3) # left-right associativity print(5 - (2 + 3)) # right-left associativity # 2 ** 3 ** 2 is calculated as # 2 ** (3 ** 2) and not # as (2 ** 3) ** 2 print(2 ** 3 ** 2)

Output

100.0
6
0
512

Last Updated on October 24, 2021 by admin

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